L11b Interrogative Pronouns - Part 2

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Peter
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L11b Interrogative Pronouns - Part 2

Postby Peter » Mon Oct 15, 2012 6:18 pm

INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS (Pronomi interrogativi)

PART 2


Pronouns of Specification

These pronouns and related adjectives are used when asking about animals, things or people, among which one choice must be specified.

The Italian pronouns in this category are, when asking about animals or things:

Which? Which ones? Quale? Quali?
What? Che?

When asking about people:

Which? Which ones? Quale? Quali?
Whose? Di chi?

When talking about animals or things

Which? Which ones?

Quale is used as both adjective and pronoun when asking about things among which one choice must be specified. It is variable in number only.

22 Pronoun: Qual’è?
Which (one) is it?
23 Pronoun: Quale di questi due libri è il tuo?
Which of these two books is yours?
24 Adjective: Quale film hai visto?
Which film did you see?
25 Pronoun: Qual’è il problema?
Which (or what) is the problem?
26 Pronoun: Qual’è la tua canzone preferita?
Which (or what) is your favourite song?
27 Pronoun: Quali sono i tuoi preferiti?
Which are your favourites?
28 Pronoun: Quali sono i tuoi animali preferiti?
Which are your favourite animals?
29 Adjective: Quali animali sono i tuoi preferiti?
Which animals are your favourite ones?

Use of prepositions

Where it is necessary to use prepositions, quale can only be used as an adjective.

30 Di quale soggetto tratti?
Which subject are you dealing with?
31 Su quali aiuti possiamo contare?
Which aids can we count on?
32 Per quale ragione dovrei farlo?
For which reason should I do it?
33 A quale documento ti riferisci?
To which document are you referring?

What?

Che is interchangeable with quale only as an adjective when asking about things among which one choice must be specified. It is invariable in number and gender. In all the following examples, che is replaceable with quale.

34 Che libro leggi?
What book are you reading?
35 Che genere di film preferisci?
What movie genre do you prefer?
36 Che pillole prendi?
What pills do you take?
37 A che libro ti stavi riferendo?
To what book were you referring?
38 Con che racchetta giochi?
With what racket do you play?
39 Per che strada sei venuto?
Along what road did you come?

When talking about people

Which? Which ones?

Quale is used as a pronoun when asking about persons among whom one choice must be specified, provided that it is followed by either of the prepositions di (of) or tra (among/between).

40 Quale di quei giovani è Carlo?
Which of those young men is Charles? (See also example 51)
41 Quale di queste signore è sua sorella?
Which of these women is his/her sister? (See also example 55)
42 Quale di voi ha fatto questo?
Which one of you did this? (See also example 52)
43 Quali tra i presenti vogliono fare opposizione alla mozione?
Which ones among those present wish to oppose the motion? (See also example 53)
44 A quale dei presenti devo dare il denaro?
To which one (whom) among those present must I give the money?
45 A quali dei presenti devo dare il denaro?
To which ones among those present must I give the money?

Quale is also used as an adjective when asking about persons among whom one choice must be specified. In this case, the use of the prepositions is not always necessary, but note the example below that uses con (with).

46 Quale persona ha fatto questo?
Which person did this?
47 Quale avvocato accetterebbe mai di difenderti?
Which lawyer would ever agree to defend you?
48 Con quali persone sei venuto qui?
With which people (whom) did you come here?
49 A quale attore non piacerebbe diventare famoso?
Which actor wouldn't like to become famous?

You can also use chi as a pronoun when asking about persons among which one choice must be specified. Although it has neither gender or number, it is always considered to be singular.

50 Chi di essi ti vide?
Which of them saw you?
51 Chi di quei giovani è Carlo?
Which of those young men is Charles? (This is an alternative to example 40)
52 Chi di voi ha fatto questo?
Which one of you did this?
53 Chi tra i presenti vuole fare opposizione alla mozione?
Which ones among those present wish to oppose the motion?
(This is a better alternative to example 43)
54 A chi dei presenti devo dare il denaro?
To which one among those present must I give the money?
(This is a better alternative to examples 44 and 45)
55 Chi di queste signore è sua sorella?
Which of these women is his/her sister? (This is an alternative to example 41)
A presto


Peter

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