L6: The Present Indicative Tense of -ire Verbs

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BillyShears
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L6: The Present Indicative Tense of -ire Verbs

Post by BillyShears » Mon May 16, 2016 1:09 am

The Present Indicative Tense of -ire Verbs

The conjugation of the regular -ire verb Partire (to leave)

The present tense of all regular -ire verbs is formed by adding the appropriate endings to the root of the verb. To conjugate the verb drop the -ire ending and add the appropriate ending. The singular endings are -o, -i, -e and the plural endings are -iamo, -ite, -ono.
* Note the use of Italian subject pronouns in the examples are for clarity only. In every day speech subject pronouns are generally only used for emphasis. For more information about subject pronouns (io, tu, Lei, lui, egli, esso, lei, ella, essa, noi, voi loro, essi, esse) please read L2: Subject Pronouns in Lezioni Gratuite in the Pronouns lessons.
Singular:
io parto (I leave)
tu parti / Lei parte (you leave - informal / formal)
lui / lei parte (he / she leaves)

Plural:
noi partiamo (we leave)
voi partite (you leave - formal / informal)
loro partono (they leave)

-isc verbs

Many “-ire” verbs require an extra “-isc” syllable between the root and conjugation to the first, second, and third person singular and third person plural. The -isc forms are considered irregular.

The conjugation of the verb Capire (to understand)

Singular:
io capisco (I understand)
tu capisci / Lei capisce (you understand - informal / formal)
lui / lei capisce (he / she understands)

Plural:
noi capiamo (we understand)
voi capite (you understand)
loro capiscono (they understand)

The conjugation of the verbs Apparire, Comparire, Scomparire

The verbs apparire (to appear), comparire, (to appear) and scomparire (to disappear) are irregular verbs that can be used as an -isc verb or they can be used with an added i in the first person singular and third person plural forms.
Quintus wrote:Apparire and comparire are almost interchangeable when they translate "to appear" provided that "to appear" means "to show up", "to pop up", "to turn up". But if "to appear" means "to look like", "to seem", the corresponding verb is "apparire", not "comparire".

So:
"L'uomo comparve all'improvviso" = "l'uomo apparve all'improvviso" is correct. But in "La faccenda appare essere difficile" the verb "comparire" can't be used.
Apparire
Singular:
io apparisco (I appear)
tu apparisci / Lei apparisce (you appear - informal / formal)
lui / lei apparisce (he / she appears)

Plural:
noi appariamo (we appear)
voi apparite (you appear)
loro appariscono (they appear)

Singular:
io appaio (I appear)
tu appari / Lei appare (you appear - informal / formal)
lui / lei appare (he appears)

Plural:
noi appariamo (we appear)
voi apparite (you appear)
loro appaiono (they appear)

Comparire
Singular:
io comparisco (I appear)
tu comparisci / Lei comparisce (you appear - informal / formal)
lui / lei comparisce (he / she appears)

Plural:
noi compariamo (we appear)
voi comparite (you appear)
loro compariscono (they appear)

Singular:
io compaio (I appear)
tu compari / Lei compare (you appear - informal / formal)
lui / lei compare (he / she appears)

Plural:
noi compariamo (we appear)
voi comparite (you appear)
loro compaiono (they appear)

Scomparire
Singular:
io scomparisco (I disappear)
tu scomparisci / Lei scomparisce (you disappear - informal / formal)
lui / lei scomparisce (he / she disappears)

Plural:
noi scompariamo (we disappear)
voi scomparite (you disappear)
loro scompariscono (they disappear)

Singular:
io scompaio (I disappear)
tu scompari / Lei scompare (you disappear - informal / formal)
lui / lei scompare (he / she disappears)

Plural:
noi scompariamo (we disappear)
voi scomparite (you disappear)
loro scompaiono (they disappear)

The conjugation of the verb Dire and verbs ending in –dire

Some examples of verbs ending in -dire are: contraddire (to contradict); disdire (to retract; to cancel); indire (to declare); maledire (to curse), etc.

Singular:
io dico (I say)
tu dici / Lei dice (you say - informal / formal)
lui / lei dice (he / she says)

Plural:
noi diciamo (we say)
voi dite (you say)
loro dicono (they say)

The conjugation of the verb Udire

The verb udire is an exception to the rule for verbs ending in dire (see above). The verb u changes to o in all forms except the first and second person plural.

Singular:
io odo (I hear)
tu odi / Lei ode (you hear - informal / formal)
lui / lei ode (he / she hears)

Plural:
noi udiamo (we hear)
voi udite (you hear)
loro odono (they hear)

The conjugation of the verb Salire

The verb Salire (to climb) takes a g in the first person singular and third person plural.

Singular:
io salgo (I climb)
tu sali / Lei sale (you climb - informal / formal)
lui / lei sale (he / she climbs)

Plural:
noi saliamo (we climb)
voi salite (you climb)
loro salgono (they climb)

The conjugation of the verb Venire and verbs ending in –venire

The verb venire (to come) and verbs ending –venire have a g in the first person singular and third peron plural forms. The vowel of the root changes to ie in second and third person singular forms.

Some examples of verbs ending in -venire are: avvenire (to happen); convenire (to convene); divenire (to become); sovvenire (to come to mind), etc.

Singular:
io vengo (I come)
tu vieni / egli viene (you come - informal / formal)
lui / lei viene (he / she comes)

Plural:
noi veniamo (we come)
voi venite (you come)
loro vengono (they come)

The conjugation of the verbs Uscire, Riuscire

With the verbs uscire (to go out) and riuscire (to succeed) the u changes to e in all forms except the first and second person plural.

Uscire
Singular:
io esco (I go out)
tu esci / Lei esce (you go out - informal / formal)
lui / lei esce (he / she goes out)

Plural:
noi usciamo (we go out)
voi uscite (you go out)
loro escono (they go out)

Riuscire
Singular:
io riesco (I succeed)
tu riesci /Lei riesce (you succeed - informal / formal)
lui / lei riesce (he / she succeeds)

Plural:
noi riusciamo (we succeed)
voi riuscite (you succeed)
loro riescono (they succeed)
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