L5: The Present Indicative Tense of -ere Verbs

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BillyShears
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L5: The Present Indicative Tense of -ere Verbs

Post by BillyShears » Mon May 16, 2016 1:11 am

The Present Indicative Tense of -ere Verbs

The present tense of all regular -ere verbs is formed by adding the appropriate endings to the root of the verb. To conjugate the verb drop the -ere ending and add the appropriate ending. The singular endings are -o, -i, -e and the plural endings are -iamo, -ete, ono.
* Note the use of Italian subject pronouns in the examples are for clarity only. In every day speech subject pronouns are generally only used for emphasis. For more information about subject pronouns (io, tu, Lei, lui, egli, esso, lei, ella, essa, noi, voi loro, essi, esse) please read L2: Subject Pronouns in Lezioni Gratuite in the Pronouns lessons.
The conjugation of the regular -ere verb Ripetere (to repeat)

Singular:
io ripeto (I repeat)
tu ripeti / Lei ripete (you repeat - informal / formal)
lui /lei ripete (he / she repeats)

Plural:
noi ripetiamo (we repeat)
voi ripetete (you repeat)
loro ripetono (they repeat)

The conjugation of the verb Bere (to drink)

Singular:
io bevo (I drink)
tu bevi / Lei beve (you drink - informal / formal)
lui / lei beve (he / she drinks)

Plural:
noi beviamo (we drink)
voi bevete (you drink)
loro bevono (they drink)

The conjugation of the verb Sapere (to know, to know how)

The verb sapere is irregular in all singular forms and in the 3rd person plural, because the stem changes from "sap" to "s". The first plural person is also irregular because the stem "sap" changes to "sapp".

The verb sapere takes the dipthong ai to form the second person singular informal tense (sai) and takes anno (n is doubled) to form the third person plural tense (stanno).

Singular:
io so (I know)
tu sai / Lei sa (you know - informal / formal)
lui / lei sa (he / she knows)

Plural:
noi sappiamo (we know)
voi sapete (you know)
loro sanno (they know)

The conjugation of the verbs Rimanere, Valere

The verbs rimanere (to remain, to stay) and valere (to be worth) take a g in the first person singular and third person plural.

Rimanere
Singular:
io rimango (I stay)
tu rimani / Lei rimane (you stay - informal / formal)
lui / lei rimane (he / she stays)

Plural:
noi rimaniamo (we stay)
voi rimanete (you stay)
loro rimangono (they stay)

Valere
Singular:
io valgo (I am worth)
tu vali / Lei vale (you are worth)
lui / lei vale (he / she is worth)

Plural:
noi valiamo (we are worth)
voi valete (you are worth)
loro valgono (they are worth)

The conjugation of the verbs ending in –gliere

Verbs ending –gliere change to an -olgo ending in the first person singular and -olgono in the third person plural. Examples of verbs ending in -gliere are: cogliere (to pick; to gather; to seize [an opportunity]); accogliere (to welcome; to receive); raccogliere (to collect; to gather)

Singular:
io colgo (I pick)
tu cogli / Lei coglie (you pick - informal formal)
lui / lei coglie (he / she picks)

Plural:
noi cogliamo (we pick)
voi cogliete (you pick)
loro colgono (they pick)

The conjugation of the verb tenere and verbs ending in –tenere

The verb tenere (to keep, to have) and verbs ending –tenere have a g in the first person singular and third person plural forms. The vowel of the root changes to ie in second and third person singular forms.

Some examples of verbs ending in -tenere are: appartenere (to belong); contenere (to contain); mantenere (to maintain); sostenere (to sustain; to support), etc.

Singular:
io tengo (I keep)
tu tieni / Lei tiene (you keep - informal / formal)
lui / lei tiene (he / she keeps)

Plural:
noi teniamo (we keep)
voi tenete (you keep)
loro tengono (they keep)

The conjugation of the verb Parere

The verb parere (to seem) replaces the r with an i in the first person singular and first and third person plural forms.

Singular:
io paio (I seem)
tu pari / Lei pare (you seem)
lui / lei pare (he seems)

Plural:
noi paiamo (we seem)
voi parete (you seem)
loro paiono (they seem)

The conjugation of the verb Sedere

The verb sedere (to sit) changes the e to ie in all forms except first and second person plural. This form can also be used in the first person plural form.

Singular:
io siedo (I sit)
tu siedi / Lei siede (you sit - informal / formal)
lui / lei siede (he / she sits)

Plural:
noi sediamo (we sit)
voi sedete (you sit)
loro siedono (they sit)

The conjugation of the verbs ending in –cere

Verbs ending –cere for example giacere (to lie down); piacere (to be pleasing to); tacere (to be quiet); compiacere (to gratify); dispiacere (to displease) take cci in the first person singular and first and third person plural forms.

Singular:
io giaccio (I lie down)
tu giaci / Lei giace (you lie down - informal / formal)
lui / lei giace (he / she lies down)

Plural:
noi giacciamo (we lie down)
voi giacete (you lie down)
loro giacciono (they lie down)

Irregular verbs ending in -rre

Verbs ending in -rre are a subset of -ere verbs.

The conjugation of the verbs ending in –durre

Some examples are: produrre (to produce); introdurre (to introduce); tradurre (to translate)

Singular:
io produco (I produce)
tu produci / Lei produce (you produce - formal / informal)
lui produce / lei produce (he / she produces)

Plural:
noi produciamo (we produce)
voi producete (you produce)
loro producono (they produce)

The conjugation of the verb Porre and verbs ending in –porre

Note the added g in the first person singular and third person plural.

Some examples of verbs ending in -porre are: imporre (to impose); opporre (to oppose); posporre (to postone); supporre (to suppose), etc.

Singular:
io pongo (I put)
tu poni / Lei pone (you put - informal / formal)
egli pone / egli pone (he / she puts)

Plural:
noi poniamo (we put)
voi ponete (you put)
loro pongono (they put)

The conjugation of the verb Trarre and verbs ending in –trarre

Note the added gg in the first person singular and third person plural.

Some examples of verbs ending in -trarre are: attrarre (to attract); distrarre (to distract); contrarre (to contract); estrarre (to extract), etc.

Singular:
io traggo (I pull)
tu trai / Lei trae (you pull - informal / formal)
lui trae / lei trae (he / she pulls)

Plural:
noi traiamo (we pull)
voi traete (you pull)
loro traggono (they pull)
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