L05: PART 1 - DEFINITE ADVERBS OF TIME

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Peter
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L05: PART 1 - DEFINITE ADVERBS OF TIME

Postby Peter » Tue May 21, 2013 5:21 pm

L05: PART 1 - DEFINITE ADVERBS OF TIME
(Avverbi definitivi di tempo)


The concept of time can be both definite and indefinite. Definite adverbs of time relate to specific points in time, such as yesterday, today, tomorrow, last month, next year etc, while indefinite adverbs of time refer to unspecified periods of time such as sometimes, always, never, often. In this first Part of this Lesson we look at definite adverbs of time and give examples of how they can be used.

Definite adverbs of time

oggi - today
ieri - yesterday
domani - tomorrow
l’altro ieri - the day before yesterday
dopodomani - the day after tomorrow
domattina - tomorrow morning
oggi pomeriggio, questo pomeriggio - this afternoon

Examples

Oggi andiamo al mare
We are going to the seaside today

Ieri abbiamo lavorato in giardino
We worked in the garden yesterday

Domani dobbiamo fare le spese
We must do the shopping tomorrow

C’è stata una grande tempesta l’altro ieri
There was a huge storm the day before yesterday

Riuscieremo solo ad andare dopodomani
We will only be able to go the day after tomorrow

Domattina ho bisogno di alzarmi presto
I need to get up early tomorrow morning

Oggi pomeriggio ho un convegno
I have a meeting this afternoon

The position of the adverbs of time depends on whether or not the information is known, eg has already been included in a question. Let us take the sentence about the huge storm as an example.

Question 1: C’è stata una grande tempesta ieri o l’altro ieri?
Was there a huge storm yesterday or the day before?

Answer 1: C’è stata una grande tempesta l’altro ieri
There was a huge storm the day before (yesterday)

From the question the time of the storm is unknown to the questioner. Because l’altro ieri directly answers the question it comes at the end of the phrase.

Question 2: Che cos’è successo in settimana?
What has happened this week?

Answer 2: L’altro ieri c’è stata una grande tempesta
There was a huge storm the day before yesterday

In this question what happened during the week is unknown. The new information is una grande tempesta, since that directly answers the question. As a result that is placed at the end of the phrase and l’altro ieri appears at the beginning of the phrase.
A presto


Peter

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